Note kindly translated by Anne-Marie de Grazia

On January 27th, the Polish government wants to organize the commemoration of the liberation of the Auschwitz concentration camp without inviting Vladimir Putin. It is its right. It wants to commemorate this together with the Ukrainian government, no doubt in memory of two or three thousand Ukrainian voluntaries who helped the Nazis on this one site (and many more in other places). It is its right. But then, it must stand by the enormity of its action. We know full well that it is not the Polish people, which expresses itself through the mouth of this government. It should not conceal it under various pretexts.

The justification presented by the Polish minister of foreign affairs is stupefying, but also very revealing. He claims that Auschwitz was supposedly liberated by “Ukrainian troops.” It’s hard to say what should more concentrate our attention: the enormity of the lie or the shamelessness with which it was expressed.

Auschwitz (Oswiecim) was liberated by the men of the 332nd Infantry Division of the Red Army, belonging to the “1st Ukrainian Front.” One must know that in the organization adopted by the Red Army, a “Front” designates a group of armies in charge of operating in one “strategic direction.” The 1st Ukrainian Front was the name of the group of armies who had fought in Ukraine and which, from there, was moving towards Poland. It was by no means an “ethnic” designation.  This, every historian knows. Soviet doctors from Leningrad treated survivors, because they knew how to treat undernourished persons.

We also know that the troops of the 1st Ukrainian Front (2nd tank army of General Bogadnov) had liberated on July 25th 1944 the camp of Maïdanek, uncovering the horror of systematic and industrial scale extermination, which characterizes Nazism. The main Soviet war correspondents, Vassily Grossman (author of  “Life and Destiny“), Konstantin Simonov (author of  “The Living and the Dead“), Boris Gorbatov and Evgeni Kryler went on the spot. Their articles appeared on the first page of Soviet dailies. A lot of Soviet units were brought to Maïdanek, as they were brought to Auschwitz to disseminate the knowledge of had been perpetrated here. But one had to wait for April 1945, when the English-Americans in their turn discovered Bergen-Belsen and the camps situated in the West, for any credit to be granted to the Soviet articles. Simonov would testify in 1946 before the Russo-Polish investigation commission. [1]

Nothing justifies the lies of the Polish government.

But it is explain by its complicity with the Kiev government where one finds, alas, the ideological descendents of the Ukrainians who were associated with the Nazis.

All the leaders of Europe should say so loud and clear and refuse to participate in what is no longer a celebration but a masquerade. If François Hollande goes to Auschwitz under these conditions, he must know that he will be sullying his name and the name of France.

[1] Simonov K., Maïdanek – un camp d’extermination, suivi du Compte rendu de la commission d’enquête polono-soviétique, Éditions Sociales, Paris, 1948,

Jacques Sapir

Ses travaux de chercheur se sont orientés dans trois dimensions, l’étude de l’économie russe et de la transition, l’analyse des crises financières et des recherches théoriques sur les institutions économiques et les interactions entre les comportements individuels. Il a poursuivi ses recherches à partir de 2000 sur les interactions entre les régimes de change, la structuration des systèmes financiers et les instabilités macroéconomiques. Depuis 2007 il s'est impliqué dans l’analyse de la crise financière actuelle, et en particulier dans la crise de la zone Euro.

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