Energy Security in Russia: The case for Energy Efficiency
Nobody would deny that Russia has a unique position on the Eurasian landmass as far as energy production and export are considered. Russia is the only one country able to produce energy in all its different form, from hydrocarbon-based fossil fuels to nuclear generated electric power. Russia too benefits from huge reserves, mostly for Natural Gas (60% or World reserves) but also for oil and coal. There is then no doubt that Russia is to be a major player in the energy market and is central a partner for most European countries. However, this position implies that Russia could achieve a fair level of Energy Security or its credibility would be durably weakened.
Jacques Sapir, Energy Security in Russia: The case for Energy Efficiency, Working Paper, Centre d’Études des Modes d’Industrialisation (CEMI), EHESS, Avril 2007.